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Posts Tagged ‘Democratic Republic of Congo’

Our future depends on understanding truth of the past.

Excerpts from Lumumba Speaks: The Speeches and Writings of Patrice Lumumba 1958 – 1961 followed by excerpts from The Devil’s Chessboard by David Talbot

Lumumba’s debate in parliament.

So freedom of the press is guaranteed; anybody can publish a newspaper. Dear brothers, I would rather die preaching the truth than live telling lies, and I will never be afraid to speak the truth. It is all these Catholic groups waging their propaganda in their papers who are stirring up all the trouble that we are going through; should we permit this state of affairs? And then when measures are taken to free you, you call it dictatorship! [Applause from the majority benches]
I for my part will ask this of the opposition: we now have a kind of constituent assembly, and the colonialists have left; let us prepare to hold elections and you’ll see that we’ll win. [Prolonged applause from the majority benches]
Certain deputies are raising a hue and cry and saying untrue things about the government, but the entire nation is with us, millions of people are behind this government!

Mr Colin [from his bench]. Go to the cite…..

Mr. Lumumba, “What’s happening in the cite? It’s you who have been organizing the few signs of discontent on the part of certain individuals; there is nothing spontaneous about them. Moreover, Leopoldville isn’t the whole Congo; you always think that the Bakongos are the whole Congo! [applause from he majority benches]
I will make you the following proposal: we’ll take a plane with you tomorrow and visit the entire country; you’ll see how we’ll be received. There are even some Bakongos who are for us. Everything being done here is fascism to impress foreign journalists and make them believe that there’s something going on. People out of jobs are egged on and exploited; their given twenty or fifty francs and told: Go do this or that—so that foreigners who witness these acts will believe there’s opposition when there really isn’t any. [Applause from the majority benches]

Yes, yes, there’s proof. Is there anything they haven’t tried? Millions of francs were offered certain ministers; then Mr. Kasavubu invites them to his home. Are they at his house? Will they go there? Not one of them. What did the Belgians do before the government was formed? They said: “Lumumba, you’re not going to form the government, Kasavubu is.” The latter has done everything possible; millions of francs have changed hands. Did he succeed? Do you think he’ll succeed now without us? [Applause from he majority benches]
To conclude, dear honorable deputies, I know all of you and you know me, we are all freedom fighters, we have all suffered a great deal; it is only a lack of understanding that divides people. Let us understand each other in order to march in step, for we are pioneers in the building of the nation. The future of the Congo depends on us, on this team of members of Parliament and members of the government. The future depends on the position we take today. Our enemies have long divided us, and they are dividing us today; mistakes have been made on every hand….

The Council of Ministers met yesterday; we realized that as far as our patrimony, our entire economy is concerned, we have no idea where we are heading, since the colonialists have done everything possible to plunge us into poverty. When there is talk against Lumumba, you may be sure that Lumumba is only a scapegoat and a bete noire; it is not Lumumba they’re out to destroy, but you and the future of the Congo…. I am not attempting to hide the fact that for the moment we are playing the Imperialists’ game. Whatever errors have been committed by the government, by Mr. Kasavubu, by one deputy or another, we are playing the imperialists’ game; they are taking advantage of this situation to create a so-called opposition in order to exploit us again and divide us even more. When you see what the journalists who are here are going to write, you’ll be amazed. [Applause from the majority benches]
Tomorrow, when all the chips are down, we’ll be crying and they’ll be off in their own countries having a good time; they’ll say they got the better of us by dividing us. …

The imperialists are very powerful; they have lots of money and we are still weak politically; we let ourselves be fooled, we let ourselves be influenced in all sorts of ways. When we were struggling here, when I was thrown in prison because I was demanding immediate independence, was it the Russians who were advising me to do so? [No! No! several members shout.]
When our brothers were struggling throughout the country, was it the Russians who were egging us on to demand independence? Who exploited us for eighty years—wasn’t it the imperialists? They considered the Congo and its riches their national hunting preserve. When the French, the Americans, and the Belgians come to Congo, the imperialists applaud them, whereas they considered the arrival of the Russians a heinous act.

Queen Elizabeth of Belgium is president of the association for Russo-Belgian friendship. Is she a communist? [Applause from the majority benches.]
I recall a time not long ago when the president of the Belgian Chamber of Deputies, Mr. Kronacker, went to Moscow. Radio Prague announced this. Did people call him a communist? Was he accused of having sold Belgium out to Russia because he made this trip? But today, if Lumumba or Gizenga or any other Congolese goes to Moscow, the entire press raises a hue and cry. They can go to Moscow, but not the Negroes! The son of the Belgian minister of foreign affairs is now in Moscow, studying at the university. Members of the Belgian Parliament go on missions to Moscow every year; they get along fine with each other; but when we want to go, they advice us not to. Why? Haven’t we got the right to travel wherever we want to? Either we are a sovereign state or we are not….

I remind all of you that my parents were married in a Catholic Church. My family is Catholic. My children attend the Leopoldville Athenee, where classes in the Catholic and Protestant religion and ethics are given; my children are being given a Christian education and are enrolled in classes where Catholic doctrine is taught; you can go verify this. [Applause from the majority benches]
In Africa anybody who is for progress, anyone who is for the people and against the imperialists is a communist, an agent of Moscow! But anyone who approves of the imperialists, who goes out looking for money and pockets it for himself and his family, is an exemplary man; the imperialists will praise him and bless him. That is truth, my friends.

The members of the government know what I am; I am merely a nationalist, pure and simple, and I know that we are going to accomplish something magnificent. The representatives of the African states who met together at the Leopoldville Conference said that Leopoldville is not only the capital of the Republic of the Congo, but of all of Africa. – Portions from pages 394 – 400 (Debate in Parliament September 1960)

Lumumba immediately sent the following message by telex to the African chiefs of state:

Thirty minutes ago, I went to the radio station to address a message to the people in order to reassure them that I was no longer under arrest. I was again confronted with the categorical refusal of the United Nations to allow me to do so. The soldiers guarding the radio station even tried to shoot me… The United Nations authorities are directly responsible for these serious incidents. …

On the thirteenth, the United Nations lifted its special security measures, but Bolikango announced over the radio that Lumumba would soon be brought to trial for his “reign of terror.”
On this same day, September 13, Lumumba sent a telegram to the secretary-general asking for immediate military aid and threatening to call for help elsewhere is such aid was refused….

Given the fact that the United Nations Organization does not wish to aid the government in restoring law and order and calm in the interior of the country, declaring that these are internal conflicts in which the United Nations cannot intervene to bring about a settlement, the government finds itself obliged to request such aid. We cannot allow the country to be plunged into destitution and chaos as a result of the refusal of the United Nations to intervene. Should the aid that we have requested be refused, the government will find itself obliged to request such aid elsewhere. We impatiently await a reply, which we hope will favor the cause of restoring peace in the Congo. – page 407

“We are against the policy of power blocs, which we believe are harmful to the cause of peace in the world and interfere with the strengthening of ties of friendship between peoples.
The powers that are fighting us or fighting my government, under the false pretense that they are fighting communism, are in fact concealing their real intentions. These European powers favor only those African leaders who are tied to their apron strings and deceive their people. Certain of these powers conceive of their presence in the Congo or in Africa only as a chance to exploit their rich resources to the maximum by conniving with certain corrupted leaders.

This policy of corruption whereby every incorruptible leader is called procommunist and every leader who is a traitor to his country pro-Western must be fought.

We don’t want to tag along with any bloc. If we aren’t careful, we will risk falling into neocolonialism that would be as dangerous as the colonialism that we buried last June 30. The imperialists’ strategy to maintain the colonial system in the Congo and simply change the cast, as in a stage play, that is to say, replace the Belgian colonialists with neocolonialists who can be easily manipulated.

That is what the imperialists would have us do to obtain their blessing and support.

As I have always said, I am very much in favor of Belgian, American, French, German, Swiss, Canadian, Italian, or other private companies setting up here to do business. But what I will always violently oppose is dishonest machinations to corrupt and divide us.

We are Africans and we wish to remain so. We have our philosophy, our customs, our traditions, which are as noble as those of other nations.

To abandon them merely to embrace those of other peoples would be to depersonalize ourselves. Our objective, that of every Congolese patriot who truly loves his country, must be to unite and build our nation through mutual understanding and national harmony.

Our immediate program must be to exploit the riches of our country through a common effort and thus create a national economy that will permit us to rapidly improve the standard of living of all our citizens.

We are determined to contribute to the liberation of Africa, the land of our forefathers, through our union and our solidarity.

Our wish that of all men and women of this country, is to bring about the reign of peace and order that each of us needs in order to live happy lives and truly reap the fruits of independence.

If the Congolese united before independence in order to combat the colonialist oppressor, it is their duty to unite in order to stand up to the enemies of this independence. Our salvation lies in unity and work. No single person has sufficient strength to build this great Congo all by himself.

The enemies of our country are eyeing us. The whole world is watching us. We must save the honor and the reputation of are valiant people without delay. We did not demand our independence to fight with each other and kill each other, but solely to build our nation in unity, discipline, and respect for all.

That is why, dear compatriots and comrades in the struggle, I call upon you in the spirit of brotherhood to put an end to fratricidal wars, internal and intertribal quarrels, the rivalries between individuals and between brothers. Our children will judge us harshly if out of blind heedlessness we do not thwart the maneuvers to profit from this dissension and sabotage our national independence and slow down the economic and social development of our state.

Many nations are ready to help us, but in order for this aid to be effective, we must first restore order in this country and create favorable conditions for this cooperation.

Such is the message of a man who has fought at your side so that this country may go ever forward and effectively play its role as the standard-bearer of African liberation.

Onward, men and women citizens, to the building of a united, proud, and prosperous Congo.

A radiant future is dawning on our horizon.

Long live the independent and sovereign Republic of Congo!” – Lumumba Speaks (portions from pages 429 – 431_

“Dulles, Doug Dillon (then serving as a State Department undersecretary), the U.S. Ambassador to Belgium, led the charge within the Eisenhower administration to first demonize and then dispose of Lumumba. All three men had financial interests in the Congo. The Dillon family’s investment bank handled the Congo’s bond issues. Dulles’s old law firm represented the American Metal Company (later AMAX), a mining giant with holdings in the Congo, and Dulles was friendly with the company’s chairman, Harold Hochschild, and his brother and successor, Walter, who served in the OSS during the war. Ambassador Burden was a company director, and Frank Taylor Ostrander, Jr., a former U.S. intelligence officer, served the Hochschild brothers as political adviser….
“We want no part of the Cold War,” Lumumba declared. “We want Africa to remain African with a policy of neutrality.” But in Dulles worldview, there was no such thing as neutrality. And anyone who professed such notions belonged to the enemy camp. At a July 22, 1960, National Security Council meeting in the Eisenhower White House—just three weeks after Lumumba’s independence day speech—Dulles denounced the Congolese leader as “a Castro or worse… It is safe to go on the assumption that Lumumba has been bought by the Communists.”
Doug Dillion strongly backed Dulles’s distraught view of Lumumba as a Soviet accomplice. It was an alarmist view calculated to convince Eisenhower that the African leader had to be terminated. As it turned out, the president required little persuasion. By the summer of 1960, Ike was sick, tired, and cranky— and he had little patience or understanding for Third World freedom struggles. Conferring with the British foreign minister Lord Home, Eisenhower quipped that he hoped “Lumumba would fall into a river full of crocodiles.” At an NSC meeting in August 1960, Eisenhower gave Dulles direct approval to “eliminate” Lumumba. Robert Johnson, the minutes taker at the NSC meeting, later recalled the shock felt in the room: “There was a stunned silence for about 15 seconds and the meeting continued.” Johnson said there was nothing ambiguous about Eisenhower’s lethal order. “I was surprised that I would ever hear a president say anything like this in my presence or the presence of a group of people. I was startled.”
Over the next several months, the CIA, working with its allies in Belgiun intelligence, engineered a military coup led by a cocky, ruthless, twenty-nine-year-old colonel named Joseph Mobutu that forced Lumumba out of office and placed him under house arrest. But that was not enough for the CIA. Lumumba “would remain a grave danger,” Dulles told an NSC meeting on September 21, 1960, “as long as he was not yet disposed of.” Three days later, Dulles made it clear that he wanted Lumumba permanently removed, cabling the CIA’s Leopoldville station, “We wish give [sic] every possible support in eliminating Lumumba from any possibility resuming governmental position.”…
The New York Times coverage of the Congo crisis had always been slanted against Lumumba, with columns and commentaries labeling him “inexperienced and irresponsible”….

When he spoke, he gave voice to their dreams. “Our program is clear: complete independence, Congo for the Congolese,” he told a group huddled around a fire one night. “Fourteen million Congolese want work, a better future for their children. They want to be citizens with full political rights, they want a new life.”

Years after Lumumba’s death Stockwell fell into conversation with one of his more peculiar CIA colleagues, a “glisteningly bald” man whom Stockwell anointed “Goldfinger.” The man regaled Stockwell with a story of the evening when he had driven around the capital of Katanga, with Lumumba’s battered corpse in the trunk, “trying to decide what to do with it.”…
The Kennedy White House remained in the dark about Lumumba for a full month after his murder. When JFK finally heard of the leader’s death, the news came not from Dulles but from UN ambassador Adlai Stevenson…

Lowe later recalled the moment: “I was alone with the president; his hand went to his head in utter despair. ‘Oh, no.’ I heard him groan…[Lumumba] was considered a trouble-maker and a leftist by many Americans. But Kennedy’s attitude toward black Africa was that many who were considered leftists were in fact nationalists and patriots… He felt that Africa presented an opportunity for the West, and speaking as an American, unhindered by a colonial heritage, he had made friends in Africa… The call therefore left him heartbroken, for he knew that the murder would be a prelude to chaos…

With one of Africa’s brightest lights extinguished, the Congo slid into an endless nightmare of tyranny and corruption. Propped up by the Unites States, Mobutu began a thirty-two-year dictatorship that looted the country of its wealth and left the nation in ruins. In his rampant thievery, Mobutu modeled himself on King Leopold…

Dulles was confident enough that the Dulles era would continue under JFK that he made boasts to that effect on the Washington dinner party circuit, within full earshot of Kennedy loyalists. Shortly after Kennedy took office, the painter William Walton, a close friend of JFK and Jackie, found himself at a gathering at Walter Lippmann’s house where Dulles was a fellow guest. “After dinner, the men sat around awhile in an old-fashioned way, and [Dulles] started boasting that he was still carrying out his brother Foster’s foreign policy. He said, you know, that’s a much better policy. I’ve chosen to follow that one.” Walton, who loathed the CIA boss, couldn’t believe Dulles’s audacity. The spymaster knew that Walton was one of Kennedy’s inner circle, but he felt no need to hold his tongue. Dulles was clearly sending the new president a message—and Kennedy’s close friend duly delivered it. Early the next morning, Walton phoned JFK at the White House and reported what Dulles had told Lippmann and his guests. “God damn it!” swore Kennedy. “Did he really say that?”

The Devil’s Chessboard – page 374

John F Kennedy knew about the dark shadow government and tried to warn the American public about it. He attempted to dismantle it. What he did not know was that it had already fully infiltrated our media. Listen carefully to the words of President John F. Kennedy in his speech before the American Newspaper Publishers Association after reading this excerpt. “Also in the first three months of the CIA’s existence, the National Security Council issued Directive No. 3, dealing specifically with the “production of intelligence and the coordination of intelligence activities within the intelligence community.” The National Security Council wanted to know who was producing what intelligence and how that information was being coordinated among agencies. In the opinion of the CIA, “the link between scientific planning and military research on a national scale did not hitherto exist.” The result was the creation of the Scientific Intelligence Committee (SIC), chaired by the CIA and with members from the army, the navy, the air force, the State Department, and the Atomic Energy Commission. “Very early in its existence the SIC undertook to define scientific intelligence, delineate areas of particular interest and establish committees to handle these areas,” wrote SIC chairman Dr. Karl Weber, in a CIA monograph that remained classified until September 2008. “Priority was accorded to atomic energy, biological warfare, chemical warfare, electronic warfare, guided missiles, aircraft, undersea warfare and medicine” –every area involving Operation Paperclip scientists. Each scientific intelligence subcommittees were created, one for each area of warfare.” – Operation Paperclip: The Secret Intelligence Program to Bring Nazi Scientists to America (Page 315.).

 

https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=d3IWbKcUKS8

 

 

 

knew about the dark shadow government and tried to warn the American public about it. He attempted to dismantle it. What he did not know was that it had already fully infiltrated our media. Listen carefully to the words of President John F. Kennedy in his speech before the American Newspaper Publishers Association after reading this excerpt. “Also in the first three months of the CIA’s existence, the National Security Council issued Directive No. 3, dealing specifically with the “production of intelligence and the coordination of intelligence activities within the intelligence community.” The National Security Council wanted to know who was producing what intelligence and how that information was being coordinated among agencies. In the opinion of the CIA, “the link between scientific planning and military research on a national scale did not hitherto exist.” The result was the creation of the Scientific Intelligence Committee (SIC), chaired by the CIA and with members from the army, the navy, the air force, the State Department, and the Atomic Energy Commission. “Very early in its existence the SIC undertook to define scientific intelligence, delineate areas of particular interest and establish committees to handle these areas,” wrote SIC chairman Dr. Karl Weber, in a CIA monograph that remained classified until September 2008. “Priority was accorded to atomic energy, biological warfare, chemical warfare, electronic warfare, guided missiles, aircraft, undersea warfare and medicine” –every area involving Operation Paperclip scientists. Each scientific intelligence subcommittees were created, one for each area of warfare.” – Operation Paperclip: The Secret Intelligence Program to Bring Nazi Scientists to America (Page 315.). https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=d3IWbKcUKS8

 

 

And then Kennedy fired Dulles and after Kennedy’s assassination Dulles headed the assassination investigation.

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